The vertical angle through the corkscrew is found in the same manner as it is for a loop.

The projection of the corkscrew in the - plane is determined by the *Fresnel Integrals*. The coordinate varies linearly with the arclength of the corkscrew.

The corkscrew is then rotated downward radians about the axis. See figure 2.9.

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(2.86) |

The calculation of the forward and radial vectors can be performed two ways. The derivatives of the final position vector (with respect to arclength) may be taken, or the derivative may be taken before the rotation is made. The forward and radial vectors would then be rotated. The latter method will be used here, as it was for a curve.

The calculation of the forward and radial vectors is nearly identical to the calculation for a loop and a curve. An abbreviated description will be given here. For a more complete description, refer to section 2.1.2.

Derivatives of the position vector with respect to arclength must be taken. The required chain rule relationships are first determined.

The forward vector is calculated as the derivative of the position vector with respect to arclength.

This vector is now rotated radians about the axis.

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(2.89) |

The radial vector is calculated as the derivative of the forward vector with respect to arclength.

The unit vector in the direction of the radial vector must be determined.

This vector is now rotated radians about the axis.

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(2.92) |

The curvature is the magnitude of the (non-unit) radial vector.

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